Deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot that forms in a vein, usually in the leg. It can cause pain, swelling, and redness and lead to serious health complications if not treated promptly. DVT is a relatively common condition, and it’s important to know the symptoms and risk factors.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the leg. DVT can cause pain, swelling, and redness in the affected area. It can also lead to serious complications, such as pulmonary embolism if the clot breaks loose and travels to the lungs. DVT is a serious condition that requires prompt treatment or a visit to an emergency room near you for assistance.
Deep vein thrombosis is the formation of blood clots in the legs. DVT is most often caused by prolonged immobility, such as during a long flight or car ride or after an illness. Other risk factors include obesity, smoking, cancer, pregnancy, childbirth, or surgery. Family history of clots or other conditions that increase the risk for clots or taking oral contraceptives and hormone therapy can increase the risk.
The signs and symptoms of deep vein thrombosis are usually pain or swelling in the affected area. Other symptoms include:
If these symptoms are severe, they may lead to life-threatening complications, and you may need to visit a 24-hour ER for support.
DVT can be dangerous because it can break off and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism (PE). DVT is most common in people over 60, and the risk increases with age. Other risk factors for DVT include obesity, cancer, heart disease, and pregnancy.
Treatment for a blood clot in the leg includes:
Blood thinners for Deep Vein Thrombosis dissolve blood clots and prevent them from traveling through the bloodstream. They are often prescribed after surgery or if you have an increased risk for Deep Vein Thrombosis. They can also be prescribed if you have a history of cancer, heart disease, or other conditions that increase your risk for blood clots like varicose veins or if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding.
Clot busters are drugs that dissolve blood clots and are often used in the DVT treatment. Clot busters can are injected into the bloodstream; some work by dissolving blood clots, while others make it easier for a clot to break down.
Clot busters can cause severe bleeding, which is why they are used when a person has severe blood clots.
Compression socks are a type of compression garment that is designed to improve blood flow.
Compression socks are made of elastic material that fits tightly around the ankle and calf and aims to increase blood flow in the legs. The compression helps with venous insufficiency, which can be caused by deep vein thrombosis, varicose veins, or other conditions. Compression socks also treat leg swelling from sitting for long periods.
There are many ways to prevent deep vein thrombosis, but they all involve being mindful of your health and taking care of yourself. You should avoid sitting or standing for long periods, wear compression stockings, and drink plenty of fluids.
Talk with your doctor about how to prevent deep vein thrombosis because everyone’s situation is different and when to seek emergency care.
Visit Express ER for more information about deep vein thrombosis and what you can do to treat and prevent it.