How to Prevent Asthma Exacerbations: Protecting Your Loved Ones

Nov 01, 2023

Asthma represents a long-term pulmonary disorder impacting countless individuals globally. With proper management, it is controllable, yet asthma flare-ups can raise significant worries. In our discussion, we’ll delve into tactics to forestall such exacerbations, pinpoint typical provocations, and offer methods to soothe a flare-up should one arise.

What is the Most Common Cause of Asthma Exacerbation in Children?

Asthma exacerbations in children can be triggered by various factors, but viral respiratory infections are often the most common cause. Children frequently come into contact with viruses at school or daycare, making them more susceptible to infections that can exacerbate asthma symptoms. The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rhinovirus are common culprits. Other causes of exacerbations in children can include allergens, environmental factors, and lack of adherence to prescribed asthma management plans.

What are 3 Triggers for Asthma Exacerbation?

Understanding common triggers for asthma exacerbations is essential for effective prevention. Here are three triggers that can worsen asthma symptoms:

  1. Allergens: Allergens like pollen, mold, dust mites, pet dander, and cockroach droppings can trigger asthma symptoms in sensitive individuals. Identifying and minimizing exposure to these allergens can help prevent exacerbations.
  2. Environmental Factors: Air pollution, smoke, strong odors, and changes in weather can irritate the airways and lead to exacerbations. Reducing exposure to environmental pollutants and staying indoors during poor air quality days can help.
  3. Respiratory Infections: Viral respiratory infections, particularly the common cold and influenza, can aggravate asthma symptoms. Frequent handwashing, vaccination, and avoiding close contact with sick individuals are important preventive measures.

Can Exacerbation of Asthma Be Prevented?

While it may not always be possible to completely eliminate the risk of asthma exacerbations, there are several effective strategies for prevention:

  1. Follow an Asthma Management Plan: Develop and adhere to an asthma management plan in consultation with a healthcare provider. This plan should include medications, inhaler techniques, and steps to follow when symptoms worsen.
  2. Identify and Avoid Triggers: Work with a healthcare provider to identify specific triggers and allergens that affect you or your child and take steps to minimize exposure.
  3. Use Controller Medications Regularly: Controller medications, such as inhaled corticosteroids, help manage asthma symptoms and reduce the risk of exacerbations when taken consistently.
  4. Keep Rescue Inhaler Handy: Always have a quick-relief or rescue inhaler on hand and use it as prescribed when symptoms occur or as a preventive measure before exercise if exercise-induced asthma is a concern.

Maintain Good Indoor Air Quality:

  1. Employ air filtration systems, seal windows during peak pollen times, and uphold a pristine, dust-minimal habitat to enhance the air quality within your home.
  2. Stay Informed About Air Quality: Keep track of air quality alerts in your area and limit outdoor activities during days when air quality is poor.
  3. Promote Hand Hygiene: Encourage good hand hygiene practices, especially during flu and cold seasons, to reduce the risk of respiratory infections.
  4. Vaccination: Ensure that you and your child receive recommended vaccinations, including the annual flu shot, to protect against viral respiratory infections.
  5. Regular Check-ups: Schedule regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to monitor asthma control and make necessary adjustments to your treatment plan.

How Do You Calm an Exacerbation of Asthma?

In some cases, despite preventive measures, asthma exacerbations may occur. It’s crucial to know how to calm an exacerbation when it happens:

  1. Use the Rescue Inhaler: If you or your child experiences worsening asthma symptoms, use the rescue inhaler as prescribed. This inhaler contains bronchodilators that help relax the airways and ease breathing.
  2. Sit Upright: Adopting an upright posture may facilitate the opening of the airways, thereby aiding in better respiration.
  3. Stay Calm: Anxiety can worsen asthma symptoms. Encourage calm, slow, and deep breaths to help manage anxiety and ease breathing.
  4. Keep Hydrated: Drinking water can help prevent dehydration, which can exacerbate asthma symptoms.

Seek Medical Attention:

Should there be no improvement post-rescue inhaler usage, or if symptoms intensify quickly, immediate medical attention is imperative. For urgent care needs, promptly find and visit the nearest emergency room to receive expedited treatment for an asthma emergency.


Preventing asthma exacerbations is possible with proper management and proactive measures. By identifying and avoiding triggers, following an asthma management plan, and staying informed about air quality and respiratory infections, you can significantly reduce the risk of exacerbations. Additionally, knowing how to calm an exacerbation and when to seek emergency care is essential to ensure the well-being of those living with asthma, especially children. For emergency asthma treatment in Houston, consider visiting a trusted facility like an emergency room in Houston when immediate care is needed. Remember, proactive prevention and prompt action during exacerbations are key to managing asthma effectively.