Most Common Sports Injuries and Their Emergency Room Treatment

Dec 01, 2022

Physical exercises are good for your body. They allow your body to function optimally and increase blood flow. Ideally, if you are not physically fit, you develop many underlying health problems, including diabetes, obesity, and shortness of breath. However, you must be cautious during physical exertions. Many physically active patients incur injuries requiring immediate care.

What Are Sports Injuries?

They are injuries incurred due to sporting activities. Typically, the injuries are specific to sportspersons. They can impact any body part. Although some do not, many sports injuries require emergency care.

Top Sports Injuries You Should Know

Many sports injuries can lead you to a 24-hour ER near you since you can hurt any part of your body. The most common ones are:

  1. Strains – feature tearing muscles or tendons. Tendons usually connect bones to muscles. Strains are common for groin muscles and hamstrings, usually when you do not stretch before physical activity. These are the most common of all sports injuries.
  2. Sprains – feature tearing of the ligaments, which are tissues connecting joints to bones. Sprains affect areas like wrists, knees, ankles, and elbows. They often take longer to heal than strains.
  3. Knee injuries – a dislocation, tearing of the muscles, or overstretching of the tissues can cause knee injuries. These injuries affect the way the knee joint moves.
  4. Fractures – also called broken bones.
  5. Dislocations – occur when bones are pushed out of their socket.
  6. Tennis elbow – occurs due to repeated overuse or misuse of ligaments.
  7. Back injuries – injuries to the spinal column can cause severe and permanent complications.
  8. Concussions and brain injuries – sudden impact to the head can be severe enough to crack the skull and severely damage the brain tissues.

What Are the Symptoms of a Sports Injury?

The best way to know whether you need urgent care for sports injuries is by considering the symptoms of the injury. Some symptoms are more severe than others. They include the following:

  1. Trouble moving a body part normally
  2. Aches, pain, or tenderness
  3. Skin that’s warm to the touch
  4. Discoloration on your skin
  5. Dizziness, memory loss, and fainting
  6. Swelling

Treatment Options for Sports Injuries

Sports injury treatments differ depending on the type of inquiry and its severity. Some treatment options include:

  1. RICE – is an acronym for Resting, Icing, Compressing, and Elevating. This treatment works best for minor injuries.
  2. Pain and anti-inflammatory medications
  3. Massages and physical therapy
  4. Immobilization with a cast, sling, or splint
  5. Surgery – you may need surgery to fix fractures and replace damaged bone tissues.

How to Avoid Sports Injuries

Although there are protocols to prevent physical injuries, you cannot be tamperproof. You can only lay out measures to reduce your risk of sports injuries. Some tips include:

  1. Wear protective gear – helmets, kneepads, and mouthguards are just a few examples of necessary protective gear. They cushion your body and reduce the degree of impact after an accident.
  2. Maintain flexibility – do not attempt activities you are not physically ready for. Doctors and coaches always recommend engaging in dynamic stretches before any sports to ready the body for physical exertions.
  3. Learn and use the proper techniques to play sports. Take time to learn and practice until you are good enough to avoid many injuries.
  4. Rest – continuous physical exertions fatigue your body too much that you are highly susceptible to injuries.
  5. Heal previous injuries well – no matter how enthusiastic you are to return to the field, ensure you are fully healed before doing so. If your body has not healed well, you have a higher chance of injuring the same place twice.
  6. Hydrate – staying hydrated, especially in warm weather, prevents the body from wearing out. You can avoid injuries that begin with dizziness or shortness of breath linked to dehydration.
  7. Maintain a good posture always.
  8. Eat healthily – it helps maintain a healthy weight and build muscle to strengthen your core.


The risk of injury should not deter you from physical activities or playing sports. Instead, injuries should prompt you to employ more caution when exerting yourself. Besides, it does not hurt to learn your limitations to avoid over-exerting yourself.